Enhancing graduate employability through targeting ePortfolios to employer expectations: A systematic scoping review
Electronic portfolios (ePortfolios) are increasingly being used in university degrees to showcase graduate employability. However, evidence on employers’ views and use of ePortfolios has not been synthesised. This study aimed to systematically review the evidence on employer, industry representative and university educator views on the use of ePortfolios in recruiting graduates, including recommended ePortfolio content. Six databases were searched to identify original research on views and utilisation of ePortfolios published since 2000. Studies were screened in duplicate, and the full texts of 163 articles reviewed. Included studies were synthesised to reveal common themes. The 17 included studies represented a range of industries and most were conducted in the USA (n=10). Awareness of ePortfolios was low, as was use within recruitment. Perceived advantages of ePortfolios in recruitment included showcasing key skills/work; ability to comprehensively assess and differentiate between candidates quickly; and accessibility. The main disadvantages were the time taken to review, excessive information and establishing authenticity. Recommended ePortfolios content included samples of professional work, reflections, videos and photos. Inclusion of typical resume content, work experience, skills, transcripts, certificates, references, supervisor evaluations were important, as was a clear and concise structure.
Anderson, R. S., & DeMeulle, L. (1998). Portfolio use in twenty-four teacher education programs. Teacher Education Quarterly, 25(1), 23–31.
Arksey, H., & O'Malley, L. (2005). Scoping studies: Towards a methodological framework. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1), 19–32. https://doi.org/10.1080/1364557032000119616
Barrett, H. C. (2000). Create your own electronic portfolio. Learning and Leading with Technology, 27(7), 14–21.
Ciesielkiewicz, M. (2019). Education for employability: The ePortfolio from school principals’ perspective [Article]. On the Horizon, 27(1), 46–56. https://doi.org/10.1108/OTH-01-2019-0001
Clayson, A. (2019). Eportfolios on the job: The use of assessment eportfolios in the business and technical communication job market. Business and Professional Communication Quarterly, 82(4), 458–474. https://doi.org/10.1177/2329490619867457
Cleveland, R. E. (2018). Using digital portfolios: Reflection, assessment & employment. TechTrends, 62(3), 276–285. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11528-018-0262-0
Dewhurst, J. (2017). Exploring perceptions of professional ePortfolios in the hiring of medical radiation therapists. Ontario: University of Ontario Institute of Technology. https://ir.library.dc-uoit.ca/bitstream/10155/870/1/Dewhurst_Jennifer.pdf
Fowler, M. (2012). Developing a template for electronic portfolios in career and technical education (Publication Number 88. USA: University of Nebraska-Lincoln. https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cehsedaddiss/88
Green, J., Wyllie, A., & Jackson, D. (2014). Electronic portfolios in nursing education: A review of the literature. Nurse Education in Practice, 14(1), 4–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2013.08.011
Hallam, G., & Creagh, T. (2010). ePortfolio use by university students in Australia: A review of the Australian ePortfolio Project. Higher Education Research & Development, 29(2), 179–193. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360903510582
Heinrich, E., Bhattacharya, M., & Rayudu, R. (2007). Preparation for lifelong learning using ePortfolios. European Journal of Engineering Education, 32(6), 653–663 https://doi.org/10.1080/03043790701520602
Hsieh, P.-H., Lee, C.-I., & Chen, W.-F. (2015). Students' perspectives on e-portfolio development and Implementation: A case study in Taiwanese higher education. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 31(6), 641–656. https://doi.org/10.14742/ajet.1605
Kimball, M. (2005). Database e-portfolio systems: A critical appraisal. Computers and Composition, 22(4), 434–458. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compcom.2005.08.003
Krause, K. L. (2006). ePortfolios for graduate students: A discussion paper. Melbourne: Centre for the Study of Higher Education, University of Melbourne. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.460.555&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Leahy, R. L., & Filiatrault, A. (2017). Employers' perceptions of the benefits of employment electronic portfolios. International Journal of ePortfolio, 7(2), 217–223.
Leece, R. (2005). The role of e-portfolios in graduate recruitment. Australian Journal of Career Development, 14(2), 72–79. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.2255/1038-4162.14.2.0028
Levac, D., Colquhoun, H., & O'Brien, K. K. (2010). Scoping studies: Advancing the methodology. Implementation Science, 5(69), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-5908-5-69
Lorenzo, G., & Ittelson, J. C. (2005). An overview of e-portfolios. USA: EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative. http://electronicportfolio.pbworks.com/f/reading04overview.pdf
Martin, B. (2016). Plagiarism, misrepresentation, and exploitation by established professionals: Power and tactics. In T. Bretag (Ed.), Handbook of Academic Integrity (pp. 913-927). NSW: Springer. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%252F978-981-287-098-8.pdf#page=913
Ndoye, A., Ritzhaupt, A. D., & Parker, M. A. (2012). Use of ePortfolios in K-12 teacher hiring in North Carolina: Perspectives of school principals. International Journal of Education Policy and Leadership, 7(4), 1–10. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22230/ijepl.2012v7n4a336
Oliver, B. (2013). Graduate attributes as a focus for institution-wide curriculum renewal: Innovations and challenges. Higher Education Research and Development, 32(3), 450–463. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360.2012.682052
Painter, S., & Wetzel, K. (2005). School administrators' perceptions of the use of electronic portfolios in K-8 teacher hiring. Journal of Computing in Teacher Education, 22(1), 23–29. https://doi.org/ https://doi.org/10.1080/10402454.2005.10784532
Pate, H., & Main, S. (2017). Constructing the pathway: Supporting student employability in an Education program. ePortfolio Forum: Owning, supporting and sharing the journey. Brisbane: eLearning Services.
Pearson, A. G., Harris-Reeves, B. E., Mitchell, L. J., & Vanderlelie, J. J. (2018). Use of ePortfolios in health professions education. In I. Singh & K. Raghuvanshi (Eds.), Emerging technologies and work-integrated learning experiences in allied health education (pp. 208–233). IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-3850-9.ch011
Penny Light, T., Chen, H. L., & Ittelson, J. C. (2012). Documenting learning with ePortfolios: A guide for college instructors. USA: Wiley.
Peterson, J., Pearce, P. F., Ferguson, L. A., & Langford, C. A. (2017). Understanding scoping reviews: Definition, purpose, and process. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 29(1), 12–16. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1002/2327-6924.12380
Rowley, J., & Dunbar-Hall, P. (2015). The role of ePortfolios in preparing students for music careers. Australian Journal of Music Education, 2, 216–223.
Simatele, M. (2015). Enhancing the portability of employability skills using e-portfolios. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 39(6), 862–874. https://doi.org/10.1080/0309877X.2014.953461
Snoeyink, R., & Meyer, J. (2007). Shaping teacher candidates' digital portfolios: What administrators want for hiring. Journal of Computing in Teacher Education, 23(3), 89–96. https://doi.org/ https://doi.org/10.1080/10402454.2007.10784567
Stevens, H. (2008). The impact of e-portfolio development on the employability of adults aged 45 and over. Campus-Wide Information Systems, 25(4), 209–218. https://doi.org/10.1108/10650740810900658
Strawhecker, J., Messersmith, K., & Balcom, A. (2008). The role of electronic portfolios in the hiring of K-12 teachers. Journal of Computing in Teacher Education, 24(2), 65–71. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/10402454.2007.10784588
Thornton, L., Ferris, N., Johnson, G., Kidwai, K., & Ching, Y. H. (2011). The impact of an e-portfolio program in a music education curriculum. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 21(1), 65–77. https://doi.org/10.1177/1057083710397592
Tricco, A. C., Lillie, E., Zarin, W., O’Brien, K., Colquhoun, H., Kastner, M., Levac, D., Ng, C., Sharpe, J. P., & Wilson, K. (2016). A scoping review on the conduct and reporting of scoping reviews. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 16(1), 15. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-016-0116-4
Weber, K. (2018). Employer perceptions of an engineering student's electronic portfolio. International Journal of ePortfolio, 8(1), 57–71. http://search.proquest.com.libraryproxy.griffith.edu.au/docview/2101386278?accountid=14543
Willmarth-Stec, M., & Beery, T. (2015). Operationalizing the student electronic portfolio for doctoral nursing education. Nurse Educator, 40(5), 263–265. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NNE.0000000000000161
Woodley, C., & Sims, R. (2011). EPortfolios, professional development and employability: Some student perceptions. Campus-Wide Information Systems, 28(3), 164–174. https://doi.org/10.1108/10650741111145698
Yu, T. (2012). E-portfolio, a valuable job search tool for college students. Campus-Wide Information Systems, 29(1), 70–76. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/10650741211192064