Social positioning in humanitarian diplomacy: INGOs in North Korea


  • Patrick Boulanger-Plante l’Université du Québec



korea, north korea, multiple correspondence analysis, humanitarian diplomacy, INGOs


This article shows how the theoretical approach of ‘the practice turn’ can be useful when studying humanitarian diplomacy in international relations. The research argues that the social position of organisations influences the implementation of their humanitarian diplomacy. The article uses, as a central example, the case of international non governmental organisations (INGOs) providing humanitarian aid to North Korea. To paint a picture of the field of humanitarian aid in North Korea, this  research uses multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) to analyse around 2,000 pieces of qualitative information. The research shows that the field is made up of three groups of INGOs. We will present their social characteristics and their impact on the humanitarian aid sector in North Korea.


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Author Biography

  • Patrick Boulanger-Plante, l’Université du Québec

    Patrick is a master’s candidate in Political Science at l’Université du Québec in Montreal. He is interested in North Korean politics, humanitarian diplomacy, and the sociology of international relations.


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Ribbons festoon a bridge in Korea's demilitarised zone.






How to Cite

“Social positioning in humanitarian diplomacy: INGOs in North Korea” (2023) The Humanitarian Leader, 5(1), p. Working paper 035, May, 2023. doi:10.21153/thl2023art1787.